Call us:


Blog Details

What Does Appurtenant Mean In Real Estate

When it comes to real estate, understanding the term “appurtenant” is crucial for buyers and sellers alike. Did you know that an appurtenant is a right or privilege that is attached to a property and transfers with it when ownership changes? This means that certain benefits or burdens are connected to the property and cannot be separated.

Appurtenances can take various forms, such as easements, water rights, or parking spaces. These appurtenances can significantly impact the value and use of a property. For example, having an appurtenant easement can grant you the right to use a neighbor’s property for access or utilities. This knowledge is essential when considering the full scope of a real estate transaction.

Understanding Appurtenant in Real Estate

In the realm of real estate, the term “appurtenant” holds significant importance. It refers to rights or interests that are attached to a property but are separate from the property itself. These rights can include easements, water rights, or other privileges that are associated with the land or a specific parcel of land. Appurtenant rights can greatly impact the use and value of a property, making it essential for real estate professionals and property owners to have a clear understanding of what appurtenant means.

Appurtenant rights are essentially a bundle of entitlements that accompany a property, providing benefits to the owner. These rights are typically transferred with the property when it is sold, allowing the new owner to enjoy the privileges and advantages associated with it. It is vital to identify and comprehend appurtenant rights when dealing with real estate transactions, as they can significantly impact the property’s value and potential uses.

To better understand the concept of appurtenant, it is essential to delve into the specific types of appurtenant rights and their implications in the real estate industry. This article aims to explore different aspects of what appurtenant means in real estate and shed light on the significance of these rights in property ownership and transactions.

Easements as Appurtenant Rights

One of the primary examples of appurtenant rights in real estate is an easement. An easement grants someone the right to use a specific portion of another person’s property for a particular purpose. This right is often tied to the land itself and is transferred when the property changes hands. There are two main types of easements: appurtenant easements and easements in gross.

An appurtenant easement is created when two adjacent properties have a pre-existing relationship that allows one property owner to use a portion of the neighboring property for a specific purpose. This type of easement is directly related to the land’s characteristics and ensures that the associated rights pass on to subsequent owners. For example, if Property A has an appurtenant easement to use a road on Property B, any future owners of Property A will also have the right to use the road.

Easements in gross, on the other hand, are personal rights granted to an individual or entity rather than being tied to a specific property. These rights do not transfer with the property and are not considered appurtenant. An example of an easement in gross could be a utility company’s right to access and maintain equipment on a property.

Creating Appurtenant Easements

Appurtenant easements are typically created by written agreements between property owners, and they are often reflected in the property deed or recorded separately in a formal easement document. These agreements outline the specific rights and restrictions associated with the easement, including the scope of use, maintenance responsibilities, and any required compensation.

It is important to note that appurtenant easements can be established through both express agreements and implied easements. Express easements are explicitly granted and documented in writing, while implied easements come into effect based on certain circumstances and the presumed intent of the parties involved. Implied easements are typically recognized in cases where the use of one property is necessary or essential to the use and enjoyment of another property.

Appurtenant easements can also be created by necessity when a landlocked property requires access through another property for reasonable use. In such cases, the law recognizes the necessity for the easement and grants the landlocked property owner the right to access their property through the neighboring property. These easements are appurtenant and pass on to future owners.

For more details about the creation of appurtenant easements and the legal aspects involved, visit [source].

Appurtenant Easement Example

To illustrate the concept of appurtenant easements, let’s consider an example. Imagine two adjacent properties, Property A and Property B. Property A is landlocked and has no direct access to a public road. If the owner of Property A has a legally established appurtenant easement through Property B, they can use a portion of Property B to access the road. This easement is appurtenant to Property A, enabling the property owner to access their land, even though it does not have direct road frontage.

When Property A is sold, the appurtenant easement transfers to the new owner. This means that the new owner of Property A can continue to use the easement to access their property. The easement would also transfer if Property B were to change owners, ensuring that the rights and obligations associated with the appurtenant easement remain intact.

Other Types of Appurtenant Rights

While easements are a common example of appurtenant rights, there are other types of appurtenant interests in real estate. These can include water rights, air rights, mineral rights, and other privileges associated with the land or a specific parcel of land.

Water rights, for instance, refer to the legal entitlement to use water from a river, stream, or other bodies of water for specific purposes such as irrigation or consumption. These rights can be appurtenant to a property and are often crucial in areas where water scarcity or water rights management is a significant concern.

Air rights, on the other hand, pertain to the legal control or ownership of the airspace above a property. These rights allow the property owner to develop or utilize the air space above their land for buildings, structures, or other purposes. Air rights can also be transferred or sold separately from the land itself.

Similarly, mineral rights are appurtenant rights that grant ownership or extraction privileges for minerals or resources located beneath the surface of a property. These rights can be valuable, particularly in areas where there are significant mineral deposits.

The Importance and Implications of Appurtenant Rights

Understanding appurtenant rights is essential for both real estate professionals and property owners. These rights can significantly impact the value and potential uses of a property. For example, appurtenant easements can restrict or enhance a property’s development options, depending on their nature and scope.

When involved in real estate transactions, it is crucial to identify and disclose any appurtenant rights associated with the property. This ensures that both buyers and sellers are aware of any privileges or restrictions linked to the land. Appurtenant rights can affect property values, negotiating positions, and the suitability of a property for specific purposes, making them an important consideration in the buying and selling process.


Appurtenant rights play a significant role in real estate, defining the additional privileges and interests associated with a property. Easements, water rights, air rights, and mineral rights are just a few examples of appurtenant rights that can impact a property’s value and potential uses. Understanding these rights is crucial for both real estate professionals and property owners, as they can greatly influence property transactions and development opportunities.

For more in-depth knowledge about appurtenant rights and their implications in the real estate industry, [source2] provides a comprehensive guide.

Frequently Asked Questions

Here are some commonly asked questions related to the term “appurtenant” in real estate:

1. What does “appurtenant” mean in real estate?

In real estate, the term “appurtenant” refers to a right or privilege that is attached to a property and passes with it when the property is transferred. These appurtenant rights can include easements, such as the right to use a neighbor’s driveway, or water rights, such as access to a shared well. They are considered to be part of the property and are typically recorded in the property deed or other official documents.

Appurtenant rights are often associated with the concept of dominant and servient properties. The dominant property is the one that benefits from the appurtenant right, while the servient property is the one that provides the right. For example, if a property has an appurtenant easement to use a neighboring property’s road for access, the property with the easement is the dominant property, and the neighboring property is the servient property.

2. How are appurtenant rights created?

Appurtenant rights are typically created through a legally binding agreement between the parties involved. This agreement, often referred to as an easement or a covenant, outlines the specific rights and responsibilities of each party. It is important for these agreements to be properly recorded and documented to ensure their validity and enforceability.

Appurtenant rights can also be created through long-standing common law principles or by statutory law. For example, in some jurisdictions, certain rights of way or shared water rights are automatically appurtenant to certain types of properties based on historical usage or local regulations.

3. Can appurtenant rights be transferred or sold separately from the property?

Yes, in some cases, appurtenant rights can be separated from the property and transferred or sold independently. However, the ability to do so may be subject to certain legal restrictions or requirements. It is important to consult with a real estate attorney or professional to understand the specific regulations in your jurisdiction.

When transferring appurtenant rights separately from the property, it is common to include provisions in the sale agreement that ensure the rights continue to benefit the dominant property and are legally binding on the new owner of the servient property.

4. What happens to appurtenant rights if the property is sold?

When a property with appurtenant rights is sold, the rights typically transfer to the new owner along with the property itself. These rights are considered to be attached to the property and pass automatically to the new owner without the need for any additional action.

However, it is important for both the buyer and seller to review the property’s records and documentation to ensure that the appurtenant rights are properly recorded and acknowledged. This helps to avoid any disputes or confusion regarding the existence and validity of these rights.

5. Are appurtenant rights permanent?

Appurtenant rights can be permanent, meaning they pass with the property indefinitely, or they can have a specified duration as outlined in the agreement or applicable laws. The permanence of appurtenant rights depends on the specific nature of the right and any conditions or limitations set forth in the documentation.

In some cases, appurtenant rights may also be terminated or extinguished under certain circumstances, such as through mutual agreement, abandonment, or by court order. It is important to consult with a legal professional to understand the rights and obligations associated with appurtenant rights in a specific situation.

In real estate, the term “appurtenant” refers to a right or property that is attached to and goes along with another property.

This means that an appurtenant property is not separate from the main property but is connected to it in some way, such as a driveway, easement, or access rights.

× Let Us help you!